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Knee lateral and medial

The lateral and medial knee ligaments are often injured during contact sports where a bad tackle results in the knee ligaments over stretching sideways results in ligament strain.

         Lateral (outside) of knee                                                                                               Medial (inside) of knee

Lateral ligamentsMedial                                                                                                                                                             

In minor cases there may be some micro tearing to the ligaments that will cause pain and swelling and a lack of mobility, In extreme cases the ligament may become detached from the bone leaving the knee unstable and requiring surgery to re-attach the ligament to the bone. The medial ligament is connected to the medial meniscus (cartilage) so pain may be felt inside the knee if this ligament is damaged.

Only treatment to minor injuries can be attempted by a sports therapist all other cases must be reffered for specialist diagnosis.   

Treatment

After R.I.C.E.

 Deep oscillation or ultrasound and cross friction massage treatment will remove swelling encourage blood flow and remove adhesions

Taping

For minor cases the knee can be strapped using K Tape so exercise can continue without over stretching the damaged ligament, but if the injury in more than minor complete rest is advised.

Rehabilitation

When the swelling and pain have gone the rehabilitation can start. Squats on both legs without extra weight is a good start followed by standing on a step and lowering yourself on just the injured leg while holding on to something - you don't want damage the weak ligament and have to go back to the treatment stage.

 

 

 

 

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